Fire doors are doors built with fire-resistance elements and play an essential role in fire protection and loss prevention. Fire doors are used as a passive part of the fire protection system. Fire doors are using for reducing fire and smoke between compartments. It also enables safe escape from a building or structure during earthquakes, fires s, and others. Fire doors are not similar like simple doors, and it has unique characteristic than ordinary doors. These specialist doors are tested against fire as long as possible. They enable safety and delay the fire spreading rate. Fire door has vital safety features and can make the difference between life and death.
The two most vital features of fire doors are:
- When closed, they form a barrier to stop the spread of fire
- When opened, they provide a means of escape.
Because of their importance in protecting lives, fire doors must receive regular inspections – frequency is likely to depend on many factors, including the door’s age and condition.
Ease of Access:
Since fire doors are meant to be the safest exit points, it usually painted with bright red color. It is often attached with push bars for ease of opening during fire panic.
Most of the fire doors require vision panels. It helps to view smoke and flames, and collisions can be avoided by it.
The most important attribute of fire doors is fire rating. Fire rating declares the capability of fire doors to withstand fire and remain intact for the duration. Fire rating is measured in minutes; the door was able to maintain integrity while subjected to fire.
Fire doors serve as the access between the safe egress and a burning compartment, and fire doors mustn’t permit smoke to the safe side. Fire doors are fitted with smoke seals to address this factor.